Politics/Law/Military

Those who shape Black history as elected officials, the military, lawyers, judges, and more.

The G.I. Bill, a brief history

*On this date in 1944, the G.I. Bill was signed into American law. Officially titled the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 was signed into law by president Franklin Roosevelt.

Kamala Harris born


Kamala Harris

*Kamala Harris was born on this date in 1964. She is an African American politician and community advocate. From Oakland, California, Harris is the daughter of a Tamil Indian mother, Dr. Shyamala Gopalan Harris, a breast cancer researcher who emigrated from Chennai, India, in 1960 and a Jamaican American father, Donald Harris, a Stanford University economics professor. She has one younger sister, Maya.

Abraham Lincoln born


Abraham Lincoln

*Abraham Lincoln was born on this date in 1809. He was a white American politician and lawyer and the 16th President of the United States.

Sheila Abdus-Salaam born


Sheila Abdus-Salaam

*Sheila Abdus-Salaam was born on this date in 1952. She was an African American, lawyer and associate judge on the New York Court of Appeals.
Born Sheila Turner in Washington, D.C., she grew up in a working-class family with six siblings; her great-grandfather was a slave in Virginia. She attended the public schools, was a 1974 graduate of Barnard College and a 1977 graduate of Columbia Law School. She and future United States Attorney General Eric Holder were classmates at Columbia.

Afro Latino Adriano Espaillat born


Adriano Espaillat

*Adriano Espaillat was born on this date in 1954. He is an Afro Latino American politician and community advocate.

From in Santiago, Dominican Republic, Adriano D. Espaillat is the son of Melba (née Rodríguez) and Ulises Espaillat and the great-grandson of Dominican President Ulises Espaillat. He describes himself as "a Latino of African decent." He graduated from Bishop Dubois High School in 1974 and earned his B.S. degree in political science at Queens College in 1978.

Charles E. Vanderburgh born


Charles E. Vanderburgh

*Charles Vanderburgh was born on this date in 1829. He was a white American lawyer, abolitionist and judge.

Born in Saratoga County, New York, Charles Edwin Vanderburgh graduated from Yale University in 1852. He taught school and studied law in Oxford, New York. In 1856, Vanderburgh moved to Minnesota Territory and practiced law in Minneapolis. In 1859, elected District Judge, Fourth Judicial District.

James Seale, segregationist born


James F. Seale

*James Seale was born on this date in 1935. He was a white farmer, police officer and Ku Klux Klan member.

The Harlem Hell fighters commissioned

*The Harlem Hell fighters were commissioned on this date in, 1913. They were an all black WWI 369th Infantry Regiment of the U.S. Army.

Jewel Stradford born


Jewel Stradfrod

*Jewel Stradford was born on this date in 1922. She was an African American politician and lawyer.

Tuskegee Airman Rosco Brown born


Rosco C. Brown

*Rosco Brown was born on this date in 1922. He was an African American educator and military hero in WW II.