War Dept. establishes Colored Troop Units in Civil War
On this date in 1863 in North Carolina, the United States Department of War established the Bureau of Colored Troops, to help the Union Army fight the Civil War.
Regiments of colored troops from all states of the nation were reorganized into what became known as the United States Colored Troops (USCT).
Blacks have a rich history in United States military, and this was one of the first authorized attempts by the Federal government to enlist former slaves in the defense of the Union. The policy was innovative, new, and controversial with varying degrees of success.
Rivers Frederick gave his life to medicine
On this date in 1874, Rivers Frederick, an African American physician, was born in New Roads, Pionte Coupee’ Parish, LA.
Frederick graduated from the University of New Orleans and earned his M.D. from the University of Illinois in 1897. He spent the next two years as a surgical clinician in Chicago, returning to New Orleans to begin a private practice. Responding to the lack of real opportunities for Black doctors in the United States, Frederick moved to Honduras in 1901.
Robert Henry Lee born
Robert Henry Lee was born on this date in 1882. He was an African American businessman.
Born in Howard County, MO, of a 16-year old Black girl named Eliza Lee, and her master, plantation owner John Lee, Robert spent most of his childhood living Tipton, MO. He and his mother regularly visited her parents, Armstead and Ellen Lee who lived in nearby Willowfork, MO. The small towns of his youth were places where Black cowboys flourished and were strategically located on the main stage coach line. Young Lee learned farm life and cattle and horse ranching.
Sun Ra, Eclectic Musican born
*On this date in 1914, Sun Rawas born. He was a Black jazz composer, bandleader, piano and synthesizer player, and poet. Sun Ra was born Herman Poole Blount in Birmingham, Alabama. He was named after the popular vaudeville stage magician Black Herman, who had deeply impressed his mother. He was nicknamed “Sonny” from his childhood, had an older sister and […]
Bernard Shaw born
*Bernard Shaw was born this date in 1940. He is an African American television journalist.
Paul Winfield, an actor with great style
Paul Winfield, an African American actor, was born on this date in 1941.
Marguerite Barnett, Educator and Administrator
Marguerite Ross Barnett was born on this date in 1942. She was an African American political scientist, administrator, and university president.
First Black wins Emmy Award for best actor
On this date in 1966, Bill Cosby received an Emmy Award for best actor in a television series.
Cosby won because of his role as an undercover agent disguised as a trainer/companion to an international tennis player in the show “I Spy.”
The Associated Press
450 W. 33rd St.,
New York, NY 10001.