The Missouri Compromise ratified
*The Missouri Compromise with legislative measures was enacted on this date in 1820. This measure allowed The United States Congress to thus regulate the extension of slavery in the United States for the next three decades.
Theodore Boone had many talents
Theodore Sylvester Boone was born on this date in 1896. He was an African American attorney, pastor, author, and editor.
Born in Winchester, Texas, Boone was the son of Alexander and Lillian (Chaney) Boone. He attended Terrell High School in Terrell, Texas, and a number of universities, including Prairie View A&M and Bishop College in Texas. From 1918 to 1920, he studied at Des Moines University and the University of Iowa. In 1921, one year after graduation, he wrote a book titled “Paramount Facts in Race Development.”
Gertrude Rush, first Black female lawyer in Iowa
The birth of Gertrude E. Rush, an African American attorney and activist, in 1880 is celebrated on this date.
She was born in Texas, the daughter of a Baptist minister. Her family also lived in Kansas before landing in Oskaloosa, Iowa. Gertrude attended Des Moines University and studied the law under her attorney-husband James B. Rush. She further studied at Drake and LaSalle universities. Rush was admitted to the Iowa Bar in 1918 as the state’s first Black female lawyer.
Richard Hatcher, a pioneering urban mayor
*Richard Hatcher was born on this date in 1933. He is an African American politician and law professor.
Sadie Alexander, a pioneer for Black women in the law
On this date Sadie Alexander, an African American lawyer and activist was born in in 1898.
Sadie Tanner Mossell Alexander was a pioneer among Black women in United States law and education, and a committed civil rights activist. She was born in Philadelphia into an accomplished family. She was educated in Philadelphia and Washington D.C. Alexander graduated from M Street High School (now Dunbar high school) in Washington, and entered the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Education in 1915. Graduating in 1918, she helped found the gamma Chapter of the Delta Theta Sorority.
Politician Alonzo Ransier born
On this date, Alonzo Jacob Ransier was born in 1834. He was an African American politician known for his honesty.
Born free in Charleston, South Carolina, he received a limited education, becoming a shipping clerk at the age of 16. After the Civil War, he was appointed as that state’s registrar of elections.
Ransier’s activity in gaining equality for Blacks was based on equal rights. He traveled to Washington with a petition from a Charleston meeting of the Friends of Equal Rights, pushing for more consideration for the rights of blacks.
Lawyer and politician, Thomas Chester
On this date we mark the birth of Thomas Chester in 1834, in Harrisburg, PA. He was an Black lawyer and editor.
Thomas Morris Chester was the son of a slave woman who had escaped from Baltimore in 1825 and thus her son was born free. His father was an oyster salesman and restaurant owner who was part of the inner circle of political and social functions of Harrisburg. Educated at Allegheny Institute, Chester became an abolitionist and colonizationist.
William Dawson elected Chairman
On this date in 1949, Rep. William L. Dawson of Illinois was elected chairman of House Expenditures Committee in Congress.
He was the first African American chairman of a standing congressional committee in the United States.
Black Americans In Congress 1870-1989.
Bruce A. Ragsdale & Joel D. Treese
U.S. Government Printing Office
Raymond W. Smock, historian and director 1990
Barbara Jordan, politician & educator
*Barbara Jordan was born on this date in 1936. She was an African American politician, educator and member of the United States House of Representatives.
Politician, minister and educator, Francis Cardozo
*This date marks the birth of Francis Louis Cardozo in 1837.
He was a Black minister, educator, and politician; the first African American South Carolinian to hold a government office. Cardozo was born free in Charleston, South Carolina to a prominent Jewish businessman and economist, Isaac N. Cardozo, and a free African American woman, whose name is unknown.