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Sat, 02.01.1000

The African Diaspora, a story

*On this date from 900 AD, the African Diaspora is briefly defined.  The African Diaspora is of the worldwide demographic of indigenous communities descended from native sub-Saharan Africans or people from Sub-Saharan Africa, primarily in the Americas. Historically, ethnographers, historians, politicians, and writers have used the term particularly to refer to the “Middle Passage” descendants of the West and Central Africans.  

These people were enslaved and shipped to the Americas via the Atlantic slave trade between the 16th and 19th centuries, with their largest populations in Brazil, the United States, and Haiti.  Some scholars identify the "four circulatory phases" of this migration out of Africa.  Prior to the Atlantic slave trade, Arab traders took even more slaves from other parts of Africa, selling them to markets in North Africa and the Middle East (Western Asia).  This can be referenced to 3,000 B.C.  

Losser known is the history of Habshis and Siddis, Africans and African descendants in South Asia and India since 1400. In the 15th century, Black East Africans came to India through the slave trade. There is, however, no evidence of great numbers of African slaves in India. Africans also visited India as free people, merchants, and ambassadors from East African states. During the same period, Ambar, an Ethiopian slave, commanded Arab troops for the king of Bijapur. In 1590, Ambar broke away from Bijapur and built an independent mercenary army of over 1500 African, Arab and local Dakani men.

The phrase African diaspora, though coined sometime earlier, gradually entered common usage at the turn of the 21st century.  The term diaspora originates from the Greek διασπορά (diaspora, literally "scattering") which gained popularity in English in reference to the Jewish diaspora before being more broadly applied to other populations.  

Less commonly, the term has been used in scholarship to refer to more recent emigration from sub-Saharan Africa.  The African Union (AU) defines the African diaspora as consisting: "of people of native African origin living outside the continent, irrespective of their citizenship and nationality and who are willing to contribute to the development of the continent and the building of the African Union". Its constitutive act declares that it shall "invite and encourage the full participation of the African diaspora as an important part of our continent, in the building of the African Union".  


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She stood hanging wash before the sun and occasionally watched the kids gather acorns from the trees, and when her husband came, complaining about the tobacco spit on him they... MIGRATION by Carole Gregory Clemmons.
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