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Fri, 04.23.1858

Ernest Hayford, Physician, and Lawyer born

Ernest Hayford

*Ernest Hayford was born on this date in 1858.  He was a Black African physician and lawyer on the Gold Coast.   

Born in Anomabu, Ghana, Ernest James Hayford was the eldest son of the Rev. Joseph de Graft Hayford, a Methodist minister, and Mary Brew. J. E. Casely Hayford and Mark Christian Hayford were his younger brothers.

He was educated at Anomabu, at Cape Coast, and at the Wesleyan High School at Freetown, Sierra Leone. He became an assistant missionary and headteacher at the Wesleyan Methodist church and school in Elmina, and headmaster of Cape Coast Government Boys School in 1882. After a private medical study from 1882 to 1884, he studied medicine at St Thomas' Hospital in London from 1884 to 1888. Specializing in gynecology at the Rotunda Hospital in Dublin, he returned to private practice in Cape Coast. 

An executive member of the Gold Coast Aborigines Rights Protection Society, his interest in politics led him to study law privately and then at Lincoln's Inn in London from 1910 to 1913. Called to the Bar in June 1913, he died in London later that summer. Hayford married several times: there is written documentation of two marriages to Anna Vitringa Coulon, daughter of Julius Vitringa Coulon, and Maria Hoogen, and the oral tradition of three other marriages. There were children from all marriages and from other relationships.  

All of his descendants are members of what is known as the Casely-Hayford family.  Ernest Hayford, the second Black African in the Gold Coast to become an orthodox medical doctor after Benjamin Quartey-Papafio died on August 6, 1913, in London. 

To become a Doctor


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