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On this date in 1923, Fats Navarro was born. He was a Black jazz trumpet virtuoso, and one of the founders of bebop.
Theodore "Fats" Navarro was from Key West, FL. He first performed as a tenor saxophonist in Miami and went on to play trumpet in big bands, most notably Andy Kirk's in 1943-44 and the avant-garde Billy Eckstine band of 1945-46. To a large extent, Navarro's improvising was influenced by Dizzy Gillespie, though Navarro was the more fluent player, capable of subtle dynamic shadings.
He then worked and recorded with other well-known leaders, including Illinois Jacquet and Coleman Hawkins, before making the most important association of his career with composer-band leader Tadd Dameron in 1948-49. By then, however, Navarro's heroin addiction had made him undependable; in his last year, as he grew progressively more ill from tuberculosis, he performed less often.
The fullness and beauty of Navarro's tone extended through all ranges of his trumpet, and he executed complex phrases with rare grace. The variety of his phrasing added to the exuberant quality of his music, yet his solos were also notable for their organization.
Apart from his works with Dameron, such as "Symphonette" and "Our Delight," his most notable recordings included "Ice Freezes Red" and "Fat Girl." The 1949 Bud Powell quintet session produced "Dance of the Infidels" and "Bouncing with Bud," and broadcast recordings with Charlie Parker, among which were "Ornithology" and "The Street Beat."
His material was distinguished by the beauty and fertility of his melodic creations. Fats Navarro died on July 7, 1950, in New York City.
All That Jazz: The Illustrated Story of Jazz Music
General Editor: Ronald Atkins
Copyright 1996, Carlton Books Limited