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This date celebrates Gullah, an African American language, mainly spoken along the Southeastern coast of the United States, especially on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina.
The word is also used for people who speak the language. Ancestors of people who were brought from West Africa to the West Indies and to America as slaves speak Gullah today. The language merges elements from a number of West African languages with elements from English.learn more
*The term African American is celebrated on this dates Registry.
In August of 2005, an Ethiopian-born activist named Abdulaziz Kamus seemed to melt into the crowd; a sea of black professors, health experts and community leaders considering how to educate blacks about the dangers of prostate cancer. But when he piped up to suggest focusing some attention on African immigrants, the dividing lines were quickly and pointedly drawn.learn more
The birth of Francis Barber in 1735 is celebrated on this date. He was a Black slave who became a businessmen and educator.learn more
John Chavis, a Black educator was born on this date in 1763. He was born in North Carolina to a legally free family, which allowed him to pursue an education.learn more
On this date in 1796, the first school for Blacks in America opened.
The African Free School was begun in New York City by the Manumission Society. The African Free School commenced as a one-room school and the first permanent build was erected in later that year. After a fire destroyed the building, African School No. 2 opened in 1815, with room for 500 pupils.
By 1834, there were seven African Free Schools and they were eventually incorporated into the public school system.
The African American Desk Reference
Schomburg Center for research in Black Culture
*John B. Meachum, was born on this date in 1789. He was a Black minister, businessman and educator. John Berry Meachum was born into slavery in Goochland County, Virginia. His master took him to North Carolina and then Kentucky. Meachum learned several trades, including carpentry. At 21, he had earned enough money from carpentry […]learn more
*Johns Hopkins was born on this date in 1795. He was a white-American 19th century entrepreneur, investor, abolitionist and philanthropist. Johns Hopkins was one of eleven children born to Samuel Hopkins (1759–1814) of Crofton, Maryland, and Hannah Janney (1774–1864), of Loudoun County, Virginia. His home was Whitehall, a 500-acre (200 ha) tobacco plantation in Anne Arundel County. His first name was inherited from his grandfather Johns Hopkins, who received […]learn more
This date marks the birth of Alexander Lucius Twilight in 1795. He was one of the the first Black college graduates in the United States.
Alexander Twilight was born in Corinth, Vt., to a free Black family. He graduated from Middlebury College in 1823, with his baccalaureate degree, making him, the first African American to receive a degree from an American college. He was licensed to preach by the Presbyterian Church and served several Congregational churches.learn more
*Clarina Nichols was born on this date in 1810. She was a white-American journalist, lobbyist and public speaker involved in temperance, abolition, and the women’s movement. Born in West Townshend, Vermont, into a prosperous New England family, Clarina Irene Howard fell on hard times after a disastrous early marriage. Supporting herself and her children on […]learn more
*Édouard de Laboulaye was born on this date in 1811. He was a white-French jurist, poet, author and anti-slavery activist. Édouard René Lefèbvre de Laboulaye was born in Paris, France to a wealthy family. Laboulaye was received at the bar in 1842 and was chosen professor of comparative law at the Collège de France in 1849. A careful observer of […]learn more
William Wells Brown was born on this date in 1814. He was a Black antislavery lecturer, a groundbreaking novelist, a playwright, and a historian.
Brown was born on a plantation outside Lexington, KY, to a George Higgins, a white plantation owner and relative of the owner of the plantation where Brown was born, and an African slave mother.learn more
*Myrtilla Miner was born on this date in 1815. She was a white-American educator and abolitionist. From Brookfield, New York, Miner was educated at the Clover Street Seminary in Rochester, New York (1840–44), and taught at various schools, including the Newton Female Institute (1846–47) in Whitesville, Mississippi, where she was denied permission to conduct classes for Black girls. In 1851 Miner opened the Normal School […]learn more
*Richard Rust was born on this date in 1815. He was a white-American Methodist preacher, abolitionist, educator, writer and lecturer. Richard Sutton Rust grew up in Ipswich, Massachusetts; he became orphaned at 10 years old, and went to live on his uncle’s farm. He attended Phillips Academy and became involved in anti-slavery activities, and after […]learn more
William Cooper Nell, a Black lecturer, journalist, and historian was born on this date in 1816.
He was born in Boston to William and Louise Cooper. A frequent reader of William Lloyd Garrison’s, “Liberator,” Nell joined the antislavery movement and began working for the Liberator newspaper in the 1840s. At many of the antislavery functions in Boston, he was Garrison’s personal representative. He became active in the Underground Railroad, until ill health forced him to withdraw.learn more
On this date we remember the birth of Elizabeth Keckley in 1818. She was a Black domestic, author, and abolitionist.learn more