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*On this date in 1865, we celebrate Central Tennessee College. This was an historically black college (HBCU) in Nashville, Tennessee founded by missionaries on behalf of the Methodist Church to serve freedmen. In 1876, the Medical Department of Central Tennessee College was founded as the first medical school in the South for Blacks. In 1900, […]learn more
*On this date in c 1498, Mahmoud al-Kati was born. He was a Black African historian and Soninke writer. Mahmoud al-Kati was born in Timbuktu, Mali. Al-Kati was a member of the Soninke tribe who learned to read and write Arabic, the language of West African scholars in his time. Travel to Mecca. As a […]learn more
This date celebrates Gullah, an African American language, mainly spoken along the Southeastern coast of the United States, especially on the Sea Islands off the coast of South Carolina.
The word is also used for people who speak the language. Ancestors of people who were brought from West Africa to the West Indies and to America as slaves speak Gullah today. The language merges elements from a number of West African languages with elements from English.learn more
*The term African American is celebrated on this dates Registry.
In August of 2005, an Ethiopian-born activist named Abdulaziz Kamus seemed to melt into the crowd; a sea of black professors, health experts and community leaders considering how to educate blacks about the dangers of prostate cancer. But when he piped up to suggest focusing some attention on African immigrants, the dividing lines were quickly and pointedly drawn.learn more
*The birth of Anton Amo is celebrated on this date in c. 1703. He was a Black African professor and philosopher. Anton Wilhelm Amo was a Nzema (an Akan people). He was born in Axim in the Western region of present-day Ghana, but at the age of about four, he was taken to Amsterdam by the Dutch West India […]learn more
*John Witherspoon was born on this date in 1723. He was a white-Scottish American slave owner, a presbyterian minister, and a Founding Father of the United States. John Witherspoon was born in Beith, North Ayrshire, Scotland, as the eldest child of the Reverend James Alexander Witherspoon and Anne Walker, a descendant of John Welsh of […]learn more
The birth of Francis Barber in 1735 is celebrated on this date. He was a Black slave who became a businessmen and educator.learn more
John Chavis, a Black educator was born on this date in 1763. He was born in North Carolina to a legally free family, which allowed him to pursue an education.learn more
On this date in 1796, the first school for Blacks in America opened.
The African Free School was begun in New York City by the Manumission Society. The African Free School commenced as a one-room school and the first permanent build was erected in later that year. After a fire destroyed the building, African School No. 2 opened in 1815, with room for 500 pupils.
By 1834, there were seven African Free Schools and they were eventually incorporated into the public school system.
The African American Desk Reference
Schomburg Center for research in Black Culture
*John B. Meachum, was born on this date in 1789. He was a Black minister, businessman and educator. John Berry Meachum was born into slavery in Goochland County, Virginia. His master took him to North Carolina and then Kentucky. Meachum learned several trades, including carpentry. At 21, he had earned enough money from carpentry […]learn more
*Francis LeMoyne was born on this date in 1789. He was a white-American Politician and physician. Francis Julian LeMoyne was the son of John Julius LeMoyne a Farmer and Nancy McCally LeMoyne an Educator. Young LeMoyne was educated at Washington College (PA). He was an abolitionist who served as president of the Washington Anti-Slavery Society […]learn more
*Johns Hopkins was born on this date in 1795. He was a white-American 19th century entrepreneur, investor, abolitionist and philanthropist. Johns Hopkins was one of eleven children born to Samuel Hopkins (1759–1814) of Crofton, Maryland, and Hannah Janney (1774–1864), of Loudoun County, Virginia. His home was Whitehall, a 500-acre (200 ha) tobacco plantation in Anne Arundel County. His first name was inherited from his grandfather Johns Hopkins, who received […]learn more
This date marks the birth of Alexander Lucius Twilight in 1795. He was one of the the first Black college graduates in the United States.
Alexander Twilight was born in Corinth, Vt., to a free Black family. He graduated from Middlebury College in 1823, with his baccalaureate degree, making him, the first African American to receive a degree from an American college. He was licensed to preach by the Presbyterian Church and served several Congregational churches.learn more
*The birth of Betsey Stockton is celebrated on this date in 1798. She was a Black domestic and teacher. Born into slavery in Princeton, New Jersey, as a child, her owner Robert Stockton gave her to his daughter upon her marriage to Reverend Ashbel Green. He was the president of the College of New Jersey […]learn more
*Clarina Nichols was born on this date in 1810. She was a white-American journalist, lobbyist and public speaker involved in temperance, abolition, and the women’s movement. Born in West Townshend, Vermont, into a prosperous New England family, Clarina Irene Howard fell on hard times after a disastrous early marriage. Supporting herself and her children on […]learn more