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Thu, 06.28.1787

Abraham, Black Seminole Leader born


The birth of Black Seminole warrior Abraham is celebrated on this date in 1787. He was an African, Native American soldier and politician.

Abraham was born in Georgia and for a time he lived in Pensacola, FL, where he worked as a servant for a physician, Doctor Sierra.  Abraham joined the British army under Major Edward Nichols during the War of 1812, who promised freedom to any slave who joined him.  Abraham had fled the army of Andrew Jackson and helped build the fort at Prospect Bluff in Florida.   In 1813, he also founded Pilaklikaha, Florida.  When Nichols and Upper Creek Chief Joseph Francis set sail for England in 1815, Abraham stayed behind in the Fort, which had become a haven for Africans who had escaped from slavery.

The fort was attacked and destroyed during the First Seminole War (1817-1818); Abraham was one of the few survivors. He made his way to a Suwannee River Town in Florida.  Abraham continued fighting during the First Seminole War and he became known as "Sauanaffe Tustunnagee" (Suwannee Warrior).  He lived in an African town in Florida called Pilaklinkaha, or Many Ponds, and was adopted as a member of the Seminole Nation.   His nephew was Osceola another Seminole leader.  He became the Prime Minister of the Cowkeeper Dynasty and a chief adviser to Micanopy, principal chief of the Alachua Seminole.

Abraham even served as an interpreter for Micanopy in 1826 when a delegation of Seminole Chiefs visited Washington D.C.  Later in life, Abraham married a woman named Hagan, the widow of Chief Bowlegs. No details of Abraham’s death are known.

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African American and Native American History
Princeton Public Library
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