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He spoke at a Greenwood, Mississippi rally debating for Black Power in America. Carmichael defined this as "a call for Black people in this country to unite, to recognize their heritage, and to build a sense of community." He also advocated that African Americans should form and lead their own organizations and urged a complete rejection of the values of white-American society. Some civil rights groups such as the NAACP and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) rejected his ideas and accused him of Black racism.
Carmichael also adopted the slogan of "Black is Beautiful," and advocated a sense of Black pride in Blacks and a rejection of white values of style and appearance. This included adopting Afro hairstyles and African forms of dress. When Carmichael denounced American involvement in the Vietnam War, his passport was confiscated and held for ten months. When his passport was returned, he moved with his wife, Miriam Makeba, to Guinea, West Africa, he later was known as Kwame Ture. In Africa he wrote the book, Stokely Speaks: Black Power Back to Pan-Africanism (1971).
The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition.
Copyright 1996 Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.