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Sun, 12.30.1934

Carolyn Bryant, Emmett Till Murder Trial Plaintiff born

Carolyn Bryant

*The birth of Carolyn Bryant is affirmed on this date in 1934.  She is a white-American store clerk, eyewitness, and plaintiff in the Emmett Till trial.   

From Indianola, Mississippi, Carolyn Bryant Donham’s father was a plantation manager and her mother was a nurse.  A high school dropout, she won two beauty contests and married Roy Bryant, a World War II soldier.  The couple had two children who ran a small grocery, Bryant's Grocery & Meat Market, that sold provisions to Black sharecroppers and their children.  In 1955, she worked at the store where young Till came to buy bubble gum.  Shortly after exiting, he whistled at Her; young Till was visiting family from Chicago and was unaware of the cultural rules of racial segregation in the South.  Indianola was the home of the White Citizens Council

Enraged, her husband and another man abducted him three nights later, bludgeoned, shot and murdered the young boy.  Timothy Tyson, a Duke University senior research scholar, reveals that Bryant in 2007, at age 72, confessed that she had fabricated the most sensational part of her testimony. “That part’s not true,” she told Tyson, about her claim that Till had made verbal and physical advances on her. As for the rest of what happened that evening in the country store, she said she couldn’t remember. (Carolyn is now 86, and her family has kept her current whereabouts secret.) Carolyn, in fact, had approached Tyson because she was writing her memoirs. (Her manuscript is in the Southern Historical Collection at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill library archives and will not be available for public view until 2036, according to Tyson. 

But as Carolyn became reflective in Timothy Tyson’s presence, wistfully volunteering, “Nothing that boy did could ever justify what happened to him.” She also admitted she “felt tender sorrow,” Tyson would note, “for Mamie Till-Mobley”—Emmett Till’s mother, who died in 2003 after a lifetime spent crusading for civil rights. (She had bravely insisted that her son’s casket remain open at his funeral in order to show America what had been done to him.) “When Carolyn herself [later] lost one of her sons, she thought about the grief that Mamie must have felt and grieved all the more.” Tyson does not say whether Carolyn was expressing guilt. Indeed, he asserts that for days after the murders, and until the trial, her husband’s family kept her in seclusion. But that “tender sorrow” does sound, in its way, like late-blooming regret.  


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