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Dr. Edward Mazique
*This date in 1911 marks the birth of Edward Mazique. He was a Black doctor and pioneer in the medical community of Washington, D.C.
Edward Craig Mazique was a native of Natchez, Miss. He graduated from Natchez College before leaving Mississippi to pursue an undergraduate degree and graduated from Morehouse College in Georgia, later serving on its board of trustees. He received a master's degree in education from Atlanta University, then was a teacher and administrator at the old State A&I College in Forsyth, Ga., before moving here. He received his medical degree from Howard University in 1941 and served an internship and a residency in internal medicine at the old Freedmen's Hospital.
Dr. Mazique was president of the District Medico-Chirurgical Society, a Black medical organization, in 1952, when he became one of the first five Blacks admitted to the District Medical Society. In 1954, he was one of the first two Blacks chosen in more than 60 years to be accepted on the medical staff of Georgetown University Hospital. He also became an attending physician at Providence Hospital. In 1956, he chaired a special committee of the Washington NAACP branch dealing with the desegregation of the District school system. He also had served as an officer of campaign committees for Del. Walter E. Fauntroy (D-D.C.).
In the early 1950s, Dr. Mazique served on the old D.C. Commissioners' Citizens Advisory Council. Over the years, he also chaired the interracial practices committee of the 12th Street Branch of the YMCA and, in the early 1950s, led the fight to integrate all area YMCA facilities. In 1960, he was named Omega Man of the Year by the Omega Psi Phi fraternity. He also served on the local board of the NAACP and the executive public health committee of the national organization. In 1958, he was elected president of the National Medical Association. In 1968, he was chairman of the Health Services Coordination Committee for the Poor People's Campaign March on Washington.
Mazique was married to Jewell Mazique in 1937, separated in 1961, and divorced in 1965. They had two sons, Edward and Jeffrey. His wife preferred to be involved with social causes more than have a social life. Despite this view, Mazique's social life was frequently reported in magazines during the 1950s. Both of their sons went on to be physicians. Dr. Edward C. Mazique, 76, died Dec. 26, 1987, at a hospital in Barbados after a heart attack. A resident of Washington, he was stricken while on vacation.