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Freda Kirchwey was born on this date in 1893. She was a white-American civil rights activist and peace advocate.
She was born in Lake Placid, N.Y., where her father, George Washington Kirchwey, was a professor at the Columbia University Law School. He helped establish the New York Peace Society in 1906, supporting women's suffrage, and the development of trade unions.
In 1915, Young Kirchwey graduated from Barnard College, where she became a member of the Woman's Peace Party. She became a reporter for the New York Morning Telegraph and married Evans Clark, a research director for the Socialist members of the New York City Board of Aldermen.
Kirchwey also worked for Every Week Magazine, the New York Tribune, and The Nation. In her articles, she argued against American support for the forces fighting the Bolshevik government in Russia and for the dissemination of birth control information. She and her husband worked closely with Charles Garland, who inherited a considerable fortune in 1922. A socialist, Garland decided to provide financial help to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in its campaign against lynching and other human rights issues.
In September 1955, Kirchwey retired as editor of The Nation. Over the next few years, she was active in the NAACP. Freda Kirchwey died at St. Petersburg, FL, on January 3,1976.
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