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Sat, 11.04.1922

King Tut’s Tomb Discovered

On this date in 1922, Black Egyptian King Tut’s tomb was discovered. Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon found the grave in Egypt.

The burial place of King Tutankhamun, (his full name), was hidden beneath the mud-brick houses of the workmen who cut the tomb of Ramesses VI. Presumably, this tomb was not carved for a king, but for a high official.  But because King Tut died at an early age, the rooms were hurriedly converted. Items for the afterlife were apparently placed into the various rooms. This Pharaoh of Egypt’s find is important because the contents were untouched by thieves. The ancient artifacts can be found in the Cairo Museum.

Three coffins were found in the tomb, the last was made of solid gold. King Tut's mummy was not in very good shape and as a result, is kept at his tomb. He was found with 15 rings of various sizes on his mummy fingers depending on the amount of linen used to wrap his hands. He also had 13 bracelets and assorted amulets and earrings.  Ancient Egyptians were Black Africans, displaced by later movements of peoples, for example, the Macedonian, Roman, and Arab conquests.

They also found among the treasures 415 statues of servants complete with baskets and tools (one for each day plus supervisors). The servants were to do the everyday jobs expected of the king in the afterlife. Large beds of gold leaf were found that would prepare the body for embalming. Other symbols found with the king were the lion, hippo, and cow.

The only part of the complex that contained wall paintings was the Burial Chamber. One of the scenes (shown) depicts the Opening of the Mouth Ceremony where the senses are restored to the deceased King Tutankhamun. In this case, the person performing this duty is Ay, who became the next pharaoh.

Reference:
The Encyclopedia Britannica, Fifteenth Edition.
Copyright 1996 Encyclopedia Britannica Inc.
ISBN 0-85229-633-0

Reference:

UCI.AC.uk

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