- Search The Registry
- Teacher’s Forum
- Street Team Youth Programs
- About Us
- Creating Support
- My Account
Kingston, Jamaica, was founded on this date in 1692. It is Jamaica's capital and chief port, an island nation in the West Indies. Kingston lies on the southeast coast of Jamaica, at the northern end of a nearly landlocked harbor. Leading to Kingston's founding, British, Spanish, and Portuguese slavery was prevalent in the Caribbean. Estimates show that approximately six hundred thousand African slavery came to Jamaica (one of the largest importers of slaves at the time) between 1533 and 1807.
The city serves as Jamaica's cultural, commercial, and industrial heart. Principal industries include food processing, oil refining, and the production of cement and other building materials. Kingston was founded after an earthquake destroyed the nearby city of Port Royal and replaced Port Royal as the commercial center. In the mid-1700s, the British rulers of Jamaica declared Kingston a free port, one of a few ports in the British West Indies where foreign ships could trade. Kingston became the capital in 1872.
Kingston has suffered several natural disasters, including hurricanes in 1880, 1951, and 1980; a fire in 1882; and an earthquake in 1907. In 1962, the country of Jamaica gained independence from the United Kingdom.
Much of the city has been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Today, Kingston covers an area larger than many Caribbean islands and has wealthy and poor communities. Its population is 104,041 metro areas and 524,638 overall. It is the home of Reggae music.