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Louise Stokes Fraser
*Louise Mae Stokes Fraser was born on this date in 1913. She was a Black track and field athlete.
The oldest of six children, Louise Mae Stokes, was born in Malden, Massachusetts to William, a gardener, and Mary Wesley Stokes, a domestic. She started running while a student at Beebe Junior High, where she was a center for the basketball team. In 1930, one of her basketball teammates, Kathryn Robley, impressed by her speed, suggested Stokes join her in the Onteora Track Club, whose sponsor, Malden park commissioner William H. Quaine, knew of Stokes' reputation.
Soon, Stokes started winning the sprints and jumping events. While a junior in Malden High School in 1931, Stokes won the James Michael Curley Cup for the best women's performance at the Mayor's Day track meet, including a New England record 12.6 seconds in the 100-meter dash. In December of that year, she tied the world record for women's standing broad jump at 8 feet 5 3/4 inches. At the 1932 United States Olympic Trials, she competed in the 100 meters, where she placed third, earning her a spot in the four × 100-meter relay pool, making her and Tidye Pickett the first Black Women to be selected for the Olympics. However, coach George Vreeland left them out of the final relay lineup. In Los Angeles, Stokes was given a compact by film star Janet Gaynor.
Stokes continued running, and at the 1936 United States Olympic Trials, she again competed in the 100 meters, winning both her heat and semi-final. She led the final until a costly error pushed her back to fifth. Still, it was good enough for her to become a part of the 4 x 100-meter relay pool. Stokes' hometown of Malden raised $680 so that she may compete in Berlin. Although she did not compete at the Olympics, she was still given a hero's welcome in Malden.
In 2016, the 1936 Olympic journey of the eighteen Black American athletes, including interviews with Stokes' family, was documented in the film Olympic Pride, American Prejudice. She considered competing at the 1940 Olympics before its cancellation due to World War II. In 1941, she founded the Colored Women's Bowling League and won many awards for the next three decades. In 1944, she married Caribbean cricketer Wilfred Fraser and had a son, Wilfred, Jr., and a stepdaughter, Shirley. From 1957 to 1975, she worked as a clerk for the Massachusetts Department of Corporations and Taxation. Louise Mae Stokes Fraser died on March 25, 1978. Malden, Massachusetts, has honored her with a fieldhouse with her name in Roosevelt Park and a statue in the Malden High Courtyard.