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People, Locations, Episodes

Thu, 05.09.1963

Protestors, Bombs, and Police in Birmingham

Confrontationin Birmingham

On this date in 1963, young demonstrators marched on the Birmingham, AL City Hall for civil rights.  This episode began on April 3rd and lasted until May 10th.

Inspired by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the protest began in the middle of bomb blasts and police brutality. City Commissioner of Public Safety, "Bull" Connor, ordered the arrest of 900 young people in two days. Later, police attacked the youths with high-pressure fire hoses and dogs.

Despite pleas for non-violent demonstration, rioting continued for days when a truce was declared. A settlement desegregating some city facilities was announced later in that month.

Black First:
2,000 years of extraordinary achievement
by Jessie Carney Smith
Copyright 1994 Visible Ink Press, Detroit, MI
ISBN 0-8103-9490-1

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