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Thu, 10.13.1898

Raymond P. Alexander, Lawyer, and Judge born


This date marks the birth of Raymond Pace Alexander in 1898. He was a lawyer, politician, and judge.

Alexander was born into a working-class black family in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.  His father, Hillard Boone Alexander, was born a slave in Mecklenburg County, Virginia, and was the son of a plantation owner.  He migrated to Philadelphia with his brother, Samuel, in 1880.   That same year, Raymond's mother, Virginia Pace, also migrated to Philadelphia with her brother, John Schollie Pace; they had been born slaves in Essex County, Virginia. Hillard and Virginia married in Philadelphia in 1882.  Like many Blacks in the 1860s and 1870s, his parents left the rural South for economic opportunities and an escape from the violence that accompanied the Jim Crow segregation system.

Alexander graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1920 and Harvard Law School in 1923.  Alexander enjoyed a successful career in private practice, directly challenging racism and discrimination and helping to end segregation in several Philadelphia institutions, before becoming counsel for NAACP.

Between 1933 and 1935, Alexander served as president of the National Bar Association and sought a federal appointment. Though the prevailing racial climate made it difficult for him to break into national politics, Alexander was appointed honorary consul to the Republic of Haiti in 1938.

He was considered for an ambassadorship to Ethiopia in 1951, but though he had President Truman's support, he was not confirmed.  From 1951 to 1958, Alexander committed himself to city politics, serving on the Philadelphia city council.  Raymond Alexander, the first black to hold a position on the Common Pleas Court of Philadelphia, died in 1974.

To Become a Judge or Mediator
To Become a Lawyer
To become a Judge



Encyclopedia of African American Culture and History Volume 1,
ISBN #0-02-897345-3, Pg 175 Jack Salzman, David Lionel Smith, Cornel West

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