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Wed, 08.26.1925

Robert Colescott, Artist born

Robert Colescott

*Robert Colescott was born on this date in 1925.  He was a Black painter. He is known for satirical genre and crowd subjects, often conveying his exuberant, comical, or bitter reflections on being African American.

Robert H. Colescott was born in New Orleans, Louisiana developed a deep love of music early on. His mother was a pianist, and his father was an accomplished classical and jazz violinist. They moved from New Orleans to Oakland, California; in 1925. He took up drumming at an early age and seriously considered pursuing a career as a musician before settling instead on art. The sculptor Sargent Claude Johnson was a family friend who was a role model to Colescott growing up and a connection to the Harlem Renaissance and artwork dealing with the African American experience.

In 1940, Colescott watched as the Mexican muralist Diego Rivera painted a mural at the Golden Gate International Exposition on Treasure Island near San Francisco. Colescott went on to absorb the Western art historical canon and explore the art of Africa and New Guinea. He would always be acutely aware of what was happening in contemporary art. Nonetheless, these early experiences remained touchstones. Colescott was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1942 and served in Europe. His tour of duty took him to Paris, a city hospitable to African American artists.

Back home, he enrolled at UC Berkeley, which granted him a bachelor's degree in drawing and painting in 1949. He spent the following year in Paris, studying with French artist Fernand Léger, then returned to UC Berkeley, earning a master's degree in 1952. Teaching career Like many artists of his generation, Colescott maintained parallel careers as a committed and influential educator and painter.

After graduating from UC Berkeley, he moved to the Pacific Northwest and began teaching at Portland State University. He was on staff there from 1957 to 1966. In 1964 he took a sabbatical with a study grant from the American Research Center in Cairo, Egypt. He returned to Portland for a year but returned to Egypt as a visiting professor at the American University of Cairo from 1966 to 1967. When war broke out, he and his family (then-wife Sally Dennett and their son Dennett Colescott, born in Portland, Oregon, in 1963) moved to Paris for three years. They returned to California in 1970, and he spent the next 15 years painting and teaching art at Cal State, Stanislaus, UC Berkeley, and the San Francisco Art Institute.    

Early career 

It was in Portland that Colescott's professional career as an artist was firmly established, thanks largely to philanthropist Arlene Schnitzer, owner and director of the Fountain Gallery, which she opened to promote contemporary artists from the region. Colescott's work was included in the gallery's inaugural exhibition in 1961, and he was given his first solo show there in 1963. In a tragic incident in 1977, a fire destroyed the gallery, and many of Colescott's works burned along with the works of many other artists represented by the gallery. The gallery, which reopened after the fire in a new location, continued representing Colescott's work until it closed its doors in 1986.  Colescott accepted a position as a visiting professor at the University of Arizona in Tucson in 1983 and joined the faculty in 1985. In 1990 he became the first art department faculty member to be honored with the title of Regents' Professor.

Sojourns in Egypt

Colescott's sojourns in Egypt, and his encounter with Egyptian art and culture and the continent of Africa, were life-changing experiences. The impact on the trajectory of the rest of his artistic career, in terms of its formal qualities and subject matter, was first manifest in the series of paintings "The Valley of the Queens," inspired by a visit to Thebes. "Three thousand years of non-European art, a strong narrative tradition, formal qualities such as the fluidity of the graphic line, monumentality of scale, vivid color and sense of pattern--all these elements had a profound, immediate, and lasting impact on his work."

In the mid-1970s, Colescott began creating works based on iconic paintings from art history. His Olympia, in the Honolulu Museum of Art collection, reimagines Manet's Olympia with the black servant as an equal. Colescott's George Washington Carver Crossing the Delaware: Page from an American History Textbook (1975) puts Carver, a pioneering black agricultural chemist, at the helm of a boat loaded with black cooks, maids, fishermen, and minstrels. The first retrospective In 1987, the San Jose Museum of Art organized the first major retrospective of Colescott's work. The exhibition was accompanied by a catalog entitled Robert Colescott: A Retrospective, 1975-1986, with an essay by Lowery Stokes Sims, a longtime champion of Colescott's work, and a republication of the essay "Robert Colescott: Pride and Prejudice" by Mitchell D. Kahan.

Venice Biennale

In 1997 Colescott was "the first African-American artist to represent the United States in a solo exhibition at the Venice Biennale in 1997." The exhibition was organized by U.S. Commissioner Miriam Roberts and embarked on a three-year tour of museums. The exhibition catalog includes essays by Roberts and Lowery Stokes Sims, a poem by Quincy Troupe, and a photo essay by artist Carrie Mae Weems to honor Colescott's influence on a younger generation of artists in general and African American artists in particular.

Robert Colescott died June 4, 2009, in Tucson, AZ. He had a brother Warrington Colescott Jr. of Hollandale, Wis.; and five sons: Alex Colescott, Nick Colescott, Dennett Colescott, Daniel Colescott, and Cooper Colescott. Robert Colescott has three grandchildren: Colescott Rubin from Dennett Colescott. Hutton Colescott and Holly Colescott from Cooper Colescott.

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