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*Rufus Perry was born on this date in 1834. He was a Black educator, journalist, and Baptist minister.
Rufus L. Perry was born a slave on a plantation in Smith County, Tennessee to Lewis Perry and Maria. The family was owned by Archibald W. Overton. His father was a talented mechanic, carpenter, and cabinet maker, and secured the means to bring his family to Nashville where the Rufus was able to attend the school for free Blacks taught by Sally Porter. Lewis escaped to Canada when Rufus was seven years old, and Rufus was brought back to the plantation where his education gave him the reputation of being "dangerous".
In August 1852 he was sold to a trader to be taken to Mississippi. However, Perry was able to forge a pass and after three weeks himself fled to Windsor, Ontario, Canada. In 1854, Perry converted to the Baptist religion and soon after enrolled in the Kalamazoo Seminary in Kalamazoo, Michigan where he graduated in 1861. On or about October 9, 1861, he was ordained pastor of the Second Baptist Church at Ann Arbor, Michigan. He later became a pastor in St. Catherine's, Ontario, and Buffalo, New York. Perry was married to Charlott Perry. They had eight children.
In 1862, Perry and Rev Henry M. Wilson formed the Colored Orphan Asylum of the African Civilization Society for the education and development of African Americans. The organization promoted schools throughout the country and founded the Asylum at Weeksville, Brooklyn. Other prominent members included Daniel Payne, Henry Highland Garnet, Rev J. Sella Martin, and Amos N. Freeman. In 1869, Perry was general agent, superintendent of schools, and editor of the newspaper, and chairman of the building committee of the Society.
The Society closed in 1871, but the orphan asylum, later known as the Howard Colored Orphan Asylum, persisted and Perry served as its president into the 1880s. Perry became a leader in the Baptist church and a well-known journalist. In his career, he was editor of the Sunbeam an illustrated children's paper, coordinate editor of the American Baptist, editor of the People's Journal, and publisher of the National Monitor. From about 1877 to 1887 he was corresponding secretary of the Consolidated American Baptist Missionary Convention and in 1887 was corresponding secretary of the American Educational Association and the American Baptist Free Mission Society.
In 1891 he was elected president of the New England Baptist Missionary Convention. In 1886, he organized the Messiah Baptist Church in Brooklyn. He was also a scholar of classical ethnology and read Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. In 1887 he wrote a text, The Cushite, or the Children of Ham as seen by the Ancient Historians and Poets, which he published as a book in 1893 under the title, The Cushite, Or The Descendants of Ham: As Found in the Sacred Scriptures and in the Writings of Ancient Historians and Poets from Noah to the Christian Era. This work traces the history of black people to a "glorious past". In that way, his work fits in literature which attempts to disassociate nobility or goodness with whiteness. The introduction for the book was written by T. McCants Stewart.
In 1888, Perry was elected president of a national meeting of Baptists, which came to be a union meeting of the General Association of Western States and Territories, the Foreign Mission Convention of the United States, and the American Baptist Missionary Union. A major theme of the conventions was the unity of African American Baptists and the consolidation of several bodies such as the Colored Missionary Associations and the Co-operation of the American Baptist Missionary Union. In 1892, Perry was among a delegation of Blacks to visit President Benjamin Harrison. After the meeting, Perry declared himself unsatisfied with Harrison, who was a fellow Republican, because Harrison was not satisfactorily active in putting an end to violence against blacks in the South.
Perry was awarded a Ph.D. in theology from Kalamazoo Seminary and was granted an honorary Doctor of Philosophy on May 17, 1887, by Simmons College of Kentucky, the day after delivering a commencement lecture and a Doctor of Divinity by Wilberforce University in 1888. On June 16, 1895, he fell into a coma from a complication of the disease. Rufus Perry died at his home on the evening of June 18. His funeral was held at Concord Baptist Church in Brooklyn and his burial was in Cypress Hills Cemetery. The pallbearers were Dr. Amos Harper, T. McCants Stewart, T. Thomas Fortune, Dr. Daniel W. Wisher, Dr. T. Dwight Miller, and Dr. R. Watkins, and Rev W. F. Dixon delivered the eulogy.