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*On this date Rufus Thomas was born in 1917. He was a Black singer and songwriter.
From Cayce, Mississippi, the son of a sharecropper, he moved with his family to Memphis at an early age. By the age of ten Thomas was singing and tap-dancing in amateur shows. After high school he traveled through the south with the Rabbit Foot Minstrel Show, but left the road when he had his own family to support and began working in a textile bleaching mill and tending boilers. In time, Thomas was able to use his weekends to host the amateur night at the Palace and Handy theaters in Memphis; places where Johnny Ace, B.B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, and others would show up.
In 1943, Thomas recorded his first hit I’ll Be Good Boy for the Star-Talent label. In 1948, a failing white-owned radio station, WDIA, began catering more to an increasing Black audience with (among others) Rufus Thomas behind the microphone. He played recordings that were not well known, broke records locally, and had a great on-air presence. Some of Thomas’ many recordings are: Bear Cat (1952), Cause I Love You (with his daughter Carla Thomas) (1953), Walking the Dog (1960), Do the Funky Chicken (1970), and Do the Funky Penguin (1972). In 1989, he had a cameo role in the movie Mystery Train and continued to tour.
In 1998, he had triple bypass surgery, Rufus Thomas died of from heart failure in December 2001.
ACSAP Biographical Dictionary
R. R. Bowker Co., Copyright 1980
Heart & Soul
A Celebration of Black Music Style in America 1930-1975
by Merlis Davin Seay, Forward by Etta james
Copyright 2002, Billboard Books