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*On this date in 1864, The 5th Regiment Massachusetts Colored Volunteer Cavalry was formed. This was a cavalry regiment from Massachusetts, that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The regiment was organized at Camp Meigs, Readville. From May 12, 1864, it served dismounted and equipped as infantry until the end of the war. The regiment fought at Baylor's Farm during the Second Battle of Petersburg and the Siege of Petersburg. The regiment lost 123 enlisted men; 7 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded; 116 enlisted men died of disease. Notable soldiers and officers, Prince Romerson, Joshua Dunbar, and George Lawrence Mabson.
The regiment was ordered to Texas on Aug. 1, 1865. Under the leadership of Col. S. E. Chamberlain late of the 1st Mass. Cavalry became colonel of the 5th and did much to improve the condition of the regiment. The prospect of trouble in Mexico having ended, the regiment was mustered out of Federal service at Clarksville, Texas, October 31, 1865, and immediately started for Massachusetts, making most of the trip by steamer.
On arriving in Boston Harbor, the regiment was landed at Galloup's Island where it remained until the latter part of November when it was paid off and discharged.