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Sat, 04.22.1200

The Akan African Community, a story

Akan Elders

*The Akan community is celebrated on this date in c 1200. They are a meta-ethnicity residing in the southern regions of the former Gold Coast region in present-day Ghana.

The Akans, who historically migrated from Ghana, also make up a majority of the population in the Ivory Coast. The Akan language (also known as Twi/Fante) is a group of dialects within the Central Tano branch of the Potou–Tano subfamily of the Niger-Congo family.  Elements of Akan culture can generally be seen in many geographic areas. Specific elements of Akan culture are especially seen in some Central African populations. Akan culture has also been historically important in the New World, where Akan names are or were common, for example among the Jamaicans, South and North Americans, and others. In Barbados, the descendants of the Akwamu in St. John. Kofi, the leader of the 1763 slave revolt and violent revolt against the Dutch people in Guyana was an Akan.

From the 15th century to the 19th century, the Akan people dominated gold mining and trading in the region; throughout this period, they were among the most powerful groups in Africa. The Akan goldfields were one of three principal goldfields in the region. This wealth in gold attracted white-European traders. Initially, were Portuguese, soon joined by the Dutch and the British in their quest for Akan gold. The Akan waged war on neighboring states in their geographic area to capture people and sell them as slaves to Europeans (Portuguese) who subsequently sold the enslaved people along with guns to the Akan in exchange for Akan gold. Akan gold was also used to purchase slaves from further up north via the Trans-Saharan route.

The Akan purchased slaves to help clear the dense forests within Ashanti. About a third of the population of many Akan states were indentured servants. The Akan went from buyers of slaves to selling slaves as the dynamics in the Gold Coast and the New World changed. Thus, the Akan people played a role in supplying white Europeans with slaves for the Middle Passage.  Akan people, especially the Ashanti people, fought against European colonialists and defeated them on several occasions to maintain autonomy. This occurred during the Anglo-Ashanti wars: the War of the Golden Stool and other similar battles.

By the early 1900s, Ghana was a colony or protectorate of Great Britain, while the lands in the Ivory Coast were under the French. On March 6, 1957, following the decolonization from Great Britain under the leadership of Kwame Nkrumah, the Gold Coast was united with British Togoland and the Northern Region, Upper East Region, and Upper West Region of the Gold Coast to form Ghana. Ivory Coast gained independence on August 7, 1960. In 2006 Ghana apologized to the descendants of slaves for the role the Ashanti had played in the slave trade.

Reference:

Plato.Stanford.edu

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