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Willa B. Player
*Willa B. Player was born on this date in 1909. She was a Black educator and civil rights activist.
Willa Beatrice Player was born in Jackson, Mississippi in a frame house on Rose Street. Her mother was Beatrice Day Player and her father was Clarence Cromwell Player. In 1917, she and her family moved to Akron, Ohio where she graduated from the public schools in 1925. She attended Akron University and then Ohio Wesleyan, transferring to be with her sister. She graduated in 1929. After receiving her MA from Oberlin College in 1930, Player was hired by to teach Latin and French at Bennett College. Early on Player was made director of Religious Activities, she was twenty-one.
Following her study abroad receiving the Certificat D’Etudes from the University of Grenoble, France in 1935, Player was made Director of Admissions at the College and Acting Dean. In 1948, Player earned her Ph.D. from Columbia University. In 1952, she was named Coordinator of Instruction at Bennett College, Vice President in 1955, acting President, and then President in 1956. She served as President until 1966, when she became Director of the Division of College Support, U. S. Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare, where she served until her retirement in 1986.
In 1958 while at Bennett, Dr. Player organized a speech by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. when no other group in Greensboro would welcome him. King spoke that February before an audience of hundreds in the Pfeiffer Chapel. The speech planted the seed for many of the protests that followed in the city. Two years later, four students from North Carolina A & T State University staged a sit-in at the Woolworth's lunch counter in downtown Greensboro. Bennett students had wanted to stage a similar demonstration months earlier, but faculty members dissuaded them, fearing for their safety. Once the demonstrations began, however, Bennett students and faculty members joined in. At the peak of desegregation protests downtown, as much as 40 percent of Bennett's student body was under arrest. Dr. Player backed her students, known as the Bennett Belles, visiting them daily and arranging for professors to hold class and administer exams for students.
Throughout her career, Player had much experience being the first and “only on of her kind” in many different leadership roles. She was the first Black cadet teacher (practice teacher) in the public schools of Akron, Ohio in 1929. She became the first woman president of the National Association of Schools and Colleges of the Methodist Church in 1962. She was the first Black woman to serve as Trustee of Ohio Wesleyan. In 1966, she was the first woman leader in the Department of Developing Institutions in the U. S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. She was the first woman President of Bennett College and she was the first Black woman in the country to serve as President of a four-year fully accredited liberal arts college. When she retired, the Bennett College Trustees proudly designated her President Emerita.
The list of organizations, boards, commissions and national committees include: the National Commission on Religion and Race of the Methodist Church; the Board of Trustees of the Southern Fellowship Fund; the Commission of Liberal Learning of the American Association of Colleges; and the Board of Trustees of Clark College. Player received eight honorary doctorates, and a long list of citations from national, federal and local organizations. Willa Player died on August 27, 2003. She was 94.
Black Women in America An Historical Encyclopedia
Volumes 1 and 2, edited by Darlene Clark Hine
Copyright 1993, Carlson Publishing Inc., Brooklyn, New York