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Tue, 01.08.1884

Aubrey Lyles, Stage Pioneer born

Aubrey Lyles

*Aubrey Lyles was born on this date in 1884.  He was a Black vaudeville performer, playwright, songwriter, and lyricist.  

Aubrey Lee Lyles was born in Jackson, Tennessee, and attended Fisk University in Nashville as a medical student. He began performing as one half of a comedy duo, Miller and Lyles, with his friend Flournoy Miller. From 1905, Miller and Lyles were hired by impresario Robert T. Motts to be resident playwrights with the Pekin Theater Stock Company in Chicago.

They performed with the company in blackface, and in the show, The Colored Aristocrats introduced the characters Steve Jenkins (Miller) and Sam Peck (Lyles), with which they would be associated for many years.  In 1909, Miller and Lyles traveled to New York City, where they started to perform on the vaudeville circuit, relying on comic performances rather than incorporating song and dance. They developed comedy devices later copied by others, such as a prizefighting routine that contrasted Miller's height and Lyles' short stature, completing each other's sentences and "mutilating" the language in their phraseology.

In 1915, they appeared in Charlot's Revue in England and, upon their return to the U.S., appeared with Abbie Mitchell in Darkydom, a musical with a score by James Reese Europe that was the first major black musical comedy.  For several years they continued to work together on the Benjamin Keith vaudeville circuit, as well as writing and producing plays. In 1921 they presented Shuffle Along, a Broadway musical with music by Eubie Blake and lyrics by Noble Sissle. The show "set the style for over a decade, inspiring many imitations" and showcased the song "I'm Just Wild About Harry."

Miller and Lyles starred in the show as Steve Jenkins and Sam Peck. Also, in 1921, Orlando Kellum made a short film with Miller and Lyles performing their song "De Ducks."  Between 1922 and 1925, Miller and Lyles also made a number of recordings for the OKeh label. The pair wrote a three-act play, The Flat Below, and Miller wrote another play, Going White. Miller and Lyles continued to work together for several years, writing and performing in Broadway shows, including Runnin' Wild – one of the first shows to popularize the Charleston, in 1923, with a score by James P. JohnsonRang Tang (1927), which they co-directed; and Keep Shuffling (1928) which featured music by Fats Waller. 

They split up the act in 1928 but later reunited to perform on radio and threatened to sue Freeman Gosden and Charles Correll, writers, and performers of the Amos 'n' Andy radio show, for plagiarising their act. They also started to put together a new show, Shuffle Along of 1933. Aubrey Lyles died in New York City on July 28, 1932, of pulmonary tuberculosis, at the age of 48.  

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