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On this date in 1978, the Alan Bakke case was decided by the California Supreme Court. In a two-part ruling, ordered Alan Bakke (a white man) to be admitted to the University of California at Davis Medical School.
In this landmark case, a bare majority of the court held, five to four, that the set-aside program at the U.C. Davis Medical School violated Alan Bakke's rights under Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The court ruled that he had been discriminated against, but it upheld the legality of affirmative action programs. The court cited Harvard University’s affirmative action program that created guidelines for admission rather than strict quotas.
Bakke, an engineer with high grades, had applied to several medical schools. He was rejected by all of the schools he applied to but the University of California at Davis encouraged him to apply again. The next year (1976) Bakke again applied and was again rejected. He then found out that the university's affirmative action program reserved 16 places for minority candidates regardless of qualifications. Bakke sued the university claiming that he was the victim of "reverse discrimination."
The university argued that the creation of quotas was needed to ensure minority admission to college under their affirmative action program.
The Bakke Case: Race, Education, and Affirmative Action
Howard Ball, Copyright 2000
Landmark Law Cases and American Society