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*George Wiley was born on this date in 1931. He was a Black chemist and civil rights leader.
George Alvin Wiley was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, the son of a postal clerk and one of six children. Wiley's family eventually moved to Warwick, Rhode Island. Wiley earned his undergraduate degree at the University of Rhode Island in 1953. He received a doctorate in organic chemistry from Cornell University in 1957.
Wiley fulfilled a six-month ROTC obligation as a first lieutenant in the United States Army at Fort Lee, Virginia; and subsequently accepted a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of California, Los Angeles. Wiley taught for two years at the University of California, Berkeley, whereupon he took a teaching position at Syracuse University in 1960.
That same year, he founded the Syracuse chapter of Congress of Racial Equality. He later was a founder of the National Welfare Rights Organization. He was listed on the Master list of Nixon's political opponents. Wiley was married and had a son and a daughter. His daughter is the civil rights activist Maya Wiley.
On August 9, 1973, Wiley fell overboard while on a boat with his children on the Chesapeake Bay. On August 12, 1973, Wiley's body was found on the shore of Chesapeake Beach, Maryland after a three-day search.