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Mon, 06.08.1863

John Archer, Black Politician in England

John Archer, 1914

*John Archer was born on this date in 1863. He was a Black British lawyer, and politician.

From Liverpool, England his father, Richard, was a ship's steward from Barbados, and his mother Mary Theresa, was Irish. Unfortunately little is known of his childhood. He was in his late 20s when he and his wife, a black Canadian, bought a home at 55 Brynmaer Road, at the south end of Battersea Park. Archer earned his living as a photographer, with a studio in Battersea Park Road; his work won many awards.  He then turned his interest to local politics, and was elected to the borough council in 1906. Archer was one of the six councilors for the Latchmere ward, where he topped the poll with 1,051 votes. In this position he became one of the first persons of African descent to hold civic office in London, to represent his country at an international conference abroad, and become an election agent for a constituency Labor Party.

Archer lost his seat in 1909, but won it again three years later. In 1913, he was elected mayor of Battersea. The population at the time was 167,000 and the council's annual income from rates was over £400,000. Archer received letters of congratulations from leaders of the Black community in the United States, and was featured in American magazine The Crisis, with photographs of Archer and his wife in their mayoral robes.  His record of service to the local community was extraordinary. He successfully defended his seat in 1919, and then became a successful political agent and alderman. Archer returned to the council in 1931, and served as a governor of Battersea Polytechnic, President of the Nine Elms Swimming Club, Chair of the Whitley Council Staff Committee and a member of the Wandsworth Board of Guardians.

At the time of his death, he was deputy leader of Battersea council. He died on July 14, 1932, just a few weeks after his 69th birthday. His funeral was held at the Church of Our Lady of Carmel in Battersea Park Road and was buried in the Council’s cemetery at Morden. A secondary school was named in his honor during the 1980s. Archer House - part of the Battersea Village residential complex - was also named after John Archer upon completion of its construction in the 1930s.  In 2004, John Archer was chosen for the 100 Great Black Britons list, coming 72nd in a public vote. In 2011 John Archer was commemorated with a Blue Plaque from Nubian Jak. The event was filmed by ReggaeTV Channel.

Reference:
The World Book Encyclopedia.
Copyright 1996, World Book, Inc.
ISBN 0-7166-0096-X

To become a Political Scientist

Reference:

BI.UK

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