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John Murphy Sr.
This date marks the birthday of John Henry Murphy Sr in 1840. He was a Black journalist and businessman.
John Henry Murphy, Sr., was born a slave on Christmas day in Baltimore, Maryland, and served as a sergeant in the infantry during the American Civil War. He was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863.
After the war, he worked as a white-washer and home decorator. Murphy founded the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper in 1892, originally designed to serve a local church community.
With the assistance of his five sons and six daughters, he turned The Afro-American into one of the leading Black newspapers of the 20th century. John Henry Murphy, Sr., served as the paper's editor in chief until his death in 1922.
Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century.
Edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier
Copyright 1998, University if Illinois Press