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Fri, 12.25.1840

John Henry Murphy Sr., Journalist born

John Murphy Sr.

This date marks the birthday of John Henry Murphy Sr in 1840. He was a Black journalist and businessman.

John Henry Murphy, Sr., was born a slave on Christmas day in Baltimore, Maryland, and served as a sergeant in the infantry during the American Civil War.  He was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863.

After the war, he worked as a white washer and home decorator.  Murphy founded the Baltimore Afro-American newspaper in 1892, originally designed to serve a local church community.

With the assistance of his five sons and six daughters, he turned The Afro-American into one of the leading Black newspapers of the 20th century. John Henry Murphy, Sr., served as the paper's editor-in-chief until he died in 1922.

to be a Journalist or Reporter

Reference:

Afro.com

PBS.org

Black Leaders of the Nineteenth Century.
Edited by Leon Litwack and August Meier
Copyright 1998, University if Illinois Press
ISBN 0-252-06213-2

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