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*Lari Gilges was born on this date in 1909. He was a Black German actor and communist. Born Hilarius Gilges in Düsseldorf, Germany, he was one of the few Black Germans born in the country before the First World War.
His mother, Maria Stüttgen, was a white textile worker in Düsseldorf; his biological father's origin is unknown, but he was an African boatman working on a Rhine tugboat. Maria married Franz Peter Gilges in 1915, giving the boy the family name Gilges. Young Gilges grew up in the working-class milieu of Düsseldorf and joined German Communist Youth in about 1925 or 1926.
He became an amateur actor with the communist agitprop theatre group "Nordwest ran" directed by Wolfgang Langhoff. His radical politics led 1931 to his arrest and sentencing to one year in prison. After his release in 1932, he continued as an active communist agitator. Gilges married Katharina Hubertine Laatsch, and the couple had two children. In early 1933, after the Nazis seized power, he attempted to go into hiding, but his visibility due to his skin color made this difficult. That year, he was kidnapped from his apartment in the Altstadt district (Old Town) of Düsseldorf. He was then brutally tortured and killed on June 20, 1933, at the age of 24 by the Nazis.
The perpetrators are believed to have been six members of the Gestapo and SS, but even after the end of Nazi rule, they were not tried in court. His widow and two children survived the Nazi period because neighbors helped them in the Altstadt. In 1949 they were given a lump sum compensation of 12,000 Deutschmark as restitution.
In December 2003, the city of Düsseldorf named a plaza after Hilarius Gilges near the Düsseldorf Academy of Arts. In 1988 a plaque was placed at the approximate site of the murder. The plaque was commissioned by the Düsseldorf city museum and designed by the local artist Hannelore Köhler. It shows a relief profile of Gilges.