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Wed, 07.02.1862

The Morrill Land-Grant Act is passed

*On this date in 1862, The Morrill Land-Grant Act was passed.  This allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states and paved thee way for many Historical Black Colleges and Universities, (HBCU) using the proceeds of federal land sales.  

The Morrill Act of 1862 was enacted during the American Civil War and the Morrill Act of 1890 (the Agricultural College Act of 1890 expanded this model.  For 20 years prior to the first introduction of the bill in 1857, there was a political movement calling for the creation of agriculture colleges. The movement was led by Professor Jonathan Baldwin Turner of Illinois College. For example, the Michigan Constitution of 1850 called for the creation of an "agricultural school",though it was not until February 12, 1855, that Michigan Governor Kinsley S. Bingham signed a bill establishing the United States' first agriculture college, the Agricultural College of the State of Michigan, known today as Michigan State University, which served as a model for the Morrill Act.

Reference:

PVAMU Library

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String-chewing bass players, Plucking rolled balls of sound From the jazz scented night Feeding hungry beat seekers Finger shaped heartbeats, Driving ivory nails Into their greedy eyes. Smoke crystals, from the nostrils Of released jazz demons, Crash from... MINGUS by Bob Kaufman.
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