Today's Articles

People, Locations, Episodes

Sun, 12.24.1837

Black Seminoles Defeat American Troops at Okeechobee

Zachary Taylor and John Horse

On this date in 1837, during the Second Seminole War, a force of Seminole Indians defeated U.S. troops in the Battle of Okeechobee in Florida.

Chief John Horse (a Black man) shared command with Alligator Sam Jones and Wild Cat fighting General Zachary Taylor.  Blacks had a reputation as “fearless” fighters in numerous battles with U.S. troops.  Blacks also served with the American troops as scouts, interpreters, and even spies. In 1849, the U.S. attorney general's office ruled that Black Seminoles were slaves by law.  The U.S. government actively promoted slavery among relocated Native American tribes.

Even tribes who had never practiced slavery before were encouraged to do so. It was in the same year that John Horse founded the city of Wewoka in Oklahoma. It served as a refuge for runaway slaves.

Reference:

Florida State Parks.org

Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and
African American Experience
Editors: Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Louis Gates Jr.
Copyright 1999
ISBN 0-465-0071-1

New Poem Each Day

Poetry Corner

Black is the first nail I ever stepped on; Black the hand that dried my tears. Black is the first old man I ever noticed; Black the burden of his years. Black is... NEGRITUDE by James Emanuel
Read More