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Sun, 12.18.1898

Eric Walrond born

Eric Walrond

*On this date in 1898, Eric Walrond was born.  He was an Afro-Caribbean writer and journalist. 

Eric Derwent Walrond was born in Georgetown, British Guiana, to a Barbadian mother and a Guyanese father. When he was aged eight, his family moved to live with relatives in Barbados, where he attended St. Stephen's Boys' School; then to Panama when the Panama Canal was being constructed.  Here Walrond completed his education and became fluent in Spanish as well as English. Following training as a secretary and stenographer, he was employed as a clerk in the Health Department of the Canal Commission at Cristóbal, and as a reporter for the Panama Star-Herald newspaper.

In 1918 he moved to New York, where he attended Columbia University, being tutored by Dorothy Scarborough. He was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity. Walrond did not last long in publishing his work; he moved to England.  While a poet during the Harlem Renaissance, he worked in other jobs.  His utopian sketch of a united Africa, "A Senator's Memoirs" (1921), won a prize sponsored by Marcus Garvey. From 1921 to 1923, Walrond was editor and co-owner of an African American weekly called the Brooklyn and Long Island Informer.  He was then hired as associate editor (1923–25) of Negro World, the paper of Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA).

He became a protégé of the National Urban League's director Charles S. Johnson. Between 1925 and 1927 he was a contributor to, and business manager of, the Urban League's Opportunity magazine.  Walrond published his first piece called, “The Palm Porch” this poem goes into description about a Brothel in the Canal Zone, where a merciless plot to take over the land takes place. His short stories included "On Being Black" (1922), "On Being a Domestic" (1923), "Miss Kenny's Marriage" (1923), "The Stone Rebounds" (1923), "Vignettes of the Dusk" (1924), "The Black City" (1924), and "City Love" (1927).

In two consecutive years (1928 and 1929), Walrond was awarded the Guggenheim Fellowship for Fiction. He made a lasting contribution to literature, his most famous book being Tropic Death, published in New York City in 1926 when he was 28; it remains in print today as a classic of its era.  Much of the dialogue between Walrond's characters is written in dialect, using the many different tongues loosely centered on the English language to portray the diversity of characters associated with the pan-Caribbean diaspora.  Eric D. Walrond died on August 8,1966.  

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