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Sat, 04.16.1864

Georgia Patton Washington, Doctor born

Georgia Patton

On this date in 1864, Georgia E. Patton Washington was born.  She was a Black licensed physician and surgeon in Tennessee and one of Africa's first Black medical missionaries.

Patton was born a slave in Grundy County, Tennessee but was freed after the conclusion of the American Civil War. She attended Nashville's Central Tennessee College for four years. Then she enrolled in Meharry Medical School in Nashville, from which she graduated in 1893 as a medical doctor and the first woman to receive a degree from that school. In 1893, after graduation, she sailed to Liberia as a missionary and paid for the passage herself because her church couldn't afford the expense.

She practiced medicine in Liberia for about two years until her health suffered, and she had to return to the United States. After her return, she opened a medical practice in Memphis, Tennessee, and married David Washington, one of the most highly respected local letter carriers. The couple had one child who died. Georgia Washington died November 8, 1900, at the age of thirty-six.

To become a Doctor


Women of


Black Women in America An Historical Encyclopedia
Volumes 1 and 2, edited by Darlene Clark Hine
Copyright 1993, Carlson Publishing Inc., Brooklyn, New York
ISBN 0-926019-61-9

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