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Sat, 02.16.1889

Hazel M. Walker, Ohio Educator, and Lawyer born

Hazel M. Walker

*Hazel Mountain Walker was born on this date in 1889. She was a Black lawyer and educator.

From Warren, Ohio, she was the daughter of Charles and Alice (Bronson) Mountain. Walker attended Cleveland Normal Training School and, in 1909, earned a Bachelor's and Master's in Education from Western Reserve University. During the summers, when she was not teaching, Walker worked towards a Law Degree at Baldwin-Wallace College.

She earned her degree and passed the bar in 1919; her motivation was not to become a lawyer but to prove that Black women could become lawyers. Walker taught students from homes without spoken English and/or their families could not read at the Mayflower Elementary School from 1909-36.   She also tutored Black children from the juvenile court system who were from the South and having trouble adjusting to Cleveland schools.  She married George Herbert Walker on June 28, 1922; he died in 1956. Walker was the first Black school principal in Cleveland. She became the principal at Rutherford B. Hayes Elementary School in 1936 and 1954 and the principal at George Washington Carver Elementary School until she retired in 1958.

She married Joseph R. Walker of Massachusetts in 1961. She did not have any children. Also, in 1961 Walker was elected to serve on the Ohio State Board of Education; she resigned in 1963 and then moved out of state. Walker was among the first African Americans to participate in the Women's City Club. Walker is attributed with naming Karamu House in 1924, where she was a member and actress. She was a member of the Cuyahoga County Republican Party executive committee during the 1930s.

Hazel M. Walker died in Cleveland, Ohio on May 16, 1980.

To Become an Elementary School Teacher

To Become a Lawyer


Women in History Ohio


Marian J. Morton
Women In Cleveland:  an Illustrated History.
Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1995.

The Western Reserve Historical Society
10825 East Boulevard,
Cleveland, OH 44106,

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