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James P. Ball
*The birth of James P. Ball in 1825 is celebrated on this date. He was a free Black abolitionist, photographer, and businessman.
Originally born in Virginia, James Presley Ball opened a one-room studio in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1845. One year later Ball returned to Richmond, Virginia, and had a more successful business in a rented studio located near the State Capitol building. Ball returned to Ohio in 1847, as a traveling daguerreotypist, (a special field of photography) and settled in Cincinnati. There he hired his brother (Thomas) as a studio operator. In 1852 his brother-in-law (Alexander Thomas) became a partner in the studio, and the Ball and Thomas Gallery opened for business.
In 1855, he published a pamphlet addressing the misery of slavery from capture in Africa, through the Middle Passage, and then to bondage. He also held photo exhibitions on the experience of slavery. During the 1850s displays of Ball’s daguerreotypes were shown at the Ohio State Fair and at the Ohio Mechanics Annual Exhibition. In May of 1860, the Ball and Thomas Photographic Art Gallery was destroyed by a tornado; however, it was rebuilt with help from the community.
During the 1870s Ball dissolved his partnership with Thomas and moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota opening another studio. In 1887, he was the official photographer of the 25th anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation held in Minneapolis. In October of that year, Presley relocated to Helena, Montana where between 1887-1894, he produced hundreds of photographs of the white, Black, and Chinese community. In 1900, he moved to Seattle and opened another studio under the firm name of Globe Photo Studio. James Presley Ball died in 1904. His granddaughter, chemist Alice Ball discovered the "Ball method" a cure for leprosy in the 1920s
J.P. Ball, Daguerrean and Studio Photographer
by Willis, Deborah (Ed.)
Garland, NY, 1993