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Sat, 12.08.1928

Jimmy Smith made the organ a legitimate jazz instrument

Jimmy Smith

Jimmy Smith, a Black jazz musician, was born this date in 1928.

He was born James Oscar Smith in Norristown, PA, near Philadelphia.  His mother played the organ in a local church and his father was a tap dancer and a musician.  Smith began playing piano for his father’s act at an early age. When he was 14, Smith enlisted in the navy where he played both the piano and the bass in the segregated army band. After a couple of years in the service, Smith moved back to Philadelphia where he worked construction and on the Pennsylvania Railroad to make ends meet.

It was not until he saw "Wild Bill Davis" perform on organ that he decided to pursue a musical career. Soon after that night, Smith bought a Hammond B-3 organ and a big Leslie speaker. After four months of intense practice, he came out swinging. Energetic hard bop, blues, and the sound of the church also infused his style.  Smith’s reputation grew and the Hammond organ quickly became a legitimate jazz instruments.

In 1956, Smith took his music to New York. Successful performances helped him get signed by Blue Note Records. He began his recording career with a trio album called "A New Sound, A New Star" and by the end of the 1950s he was one of the busiest artists on the label. Often working with saxophonist Stanley Turrentine, guitarist Kenny Burrell, and drummer David Bailey, he developed a great following.

In 1962, Smith signed with Verve Records and began working with larger ensembles with arranger and composer Oliver Nelson using many of his orchestrations. He also wrote themes for movies such as "Goldfinger" and “The Carpetbaggers" and worked with guitarist Wes Montgomery.

During the 1970s and early ‘80s, Smith opened up a nightclub in Los Angeles with his wife Lola. His career spanned more than 40 years and his musical influence is still felt. His soulful, rhythmic, and thunderous sound on the Hammond B-3 organ created a space for a new generation of jazz organists as well as other instrumentalists.

Smith lived in Sacramento, occasionally doing a concert or a recording session. He died on February 8, 2005.

Reference:
A Century of Jazz, by Roy Carr
Da Capo Press, New York
Copyright 1997
ISBN 0-306-80778-5

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