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On this date Lemuel Haynes was born in 1753. He was a Black minister.
Abandoned as a child, a sympathetic white Evangelical family raised him as an indentured servant in West Hartford, Connecticut. Haynes was a soldier in the Continental Army who believed that the American Revolution should have expanded to free slaves. He gives details on this in 1776 with an essay "Liberty Further Extended". This pioneering essay was unknown and unpublished until 1983. Haynes was the pastor of several white churches, principally in Rutland, Vermont.
He was socially, conservative and supported the Federalists politically and was a severe “Separatist” within Congregationalism. He published "Universal Salvation" in 1805, a sharp Calvinist assault on Universalism. In 1820, he published "Mystery Developed," a narrative of the famous Boorn murder case. Haynes was apparently the first Black ordained by a mainstream white denomination, in 1785, and one of the first to receive a college degree, an honorary M.A. from Middlebury College in 1804. Lemuel Haynes died in 1833.
An Encyclopedia of African American Christian Heritage
by Marvin Andrew McMickle
Judson Press, Copyright 2002