Today's Articles

People, Locations, Episodes

Mon, 11.05.1917

Buchanan v. Warley is Ruled

*On this date in 1917, Buchanan v. Warley was decided.  In this case, the Supreme Court of the United States addressed the civil government-instituted racial segregation in residential areas.

The Court held unanimously that a Louisville, Kentucky city ordinance prohibiting the sale of real property to blacks in white-majority neighborhoods or buildings and vice versa violated the Fourteenth Amendment's protections for freedom of contract. The ruling of the Kentucky Court of Appeals was thus reversed.  The city of Louisville had an ordinance forbidding any Blacks to own or occupy any buildings in an area where a greater number of white persons resided and vice versa.

In 1915, William Warley, the prospective Black buyer and an attorney for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), made an offer to Charles H. Buchanan for his property in a predominately white neighborhood. Prior state court rulings had overturned racial zoning ordinances on grounds of the "takings clause" because of their failures to grandfather land that had been owned prior to enactment. The Court, in Buchanan, ruled that the motive for the Louisville ordinance, separation of races for purported reasons, was an inappropriate exercise of police power, and its insufficient purpose also made it unconstitutional.

Reference:

Supreme.Justia.com

Law.cornell.edu

Historic U.S. Cases 1690-1993:
An Encyclopedia New York
Copyright 1992 Garland Publishing, New York
ISBN 0-8240-4430-4

New Poem Each Day

Poetry Corner

Strange but true is the story of the sea-turtle and the shark- the instinctive drive of the weak to survive in the oceanic dark. Driven, riven by hunger from abyss... THE SEA-TURTLE AND THE SHARK by Melvin B. Tolson.
Read More