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Thanksgiving Cover, 1936
(Saturday Evening Post)
*Thanksgiving, 1777 and African American history is briefly address on this date.
That year, the turning point of America’s Revolutionary War occurred with victory over the British at Saratoga. In response the Continental Congress then delivered a decree for the 13 colonies to give thanks. Black slaves also took part in the celebration throughout the region, the tradition continued as a custom of rejoicing for rain to break droughts for a plentiful harvest.
Thanksgiving expression for the American black community began as a church-based celebration. Black pastors often gave sermons that could be heard loud and clear through the small black churches. The sermons would be about struggles, hopes, fears, and triumphs. The sermons usually grieved the institution of slavery; the suffering of the black people; and often pleaded for that an awakening of a slave-free America would someday come soon.
In October 1863, months after signing the Emancipation Proclamation earlier in the year; President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation to officially celebrate the Thanksgiving holiday. Before the proclamation, Thanksgiving was also a period where slaves would often try to escape due to the ending of crop season; but with the new law, it morphed into a time where newly freed Blacks could come together.
Also after deliverance from American slavery on November 30, 1876, (Thanksgiving) African Methodist Episcopalian cleric, Reverend Benjamin Arnett preached to a predominantly black congregation with the following Biblically inspired words:…we call on all American citizens to love their country, and look not on the sins of the past, but arming ourselves for the conflict of the future, girding ourselves in the habiliments of Righteousness, march forth with the courage of a Numidian lion and with the confidence of a Roman Gladiator, and meet the demands of the age, and satisfy the duties of the hour…”