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Wed, 09.28.1864

The 18th United States Colored Infantry Regiment is Formed.

The 18th United States Colored Infantry Regiment

*The 18th United States Colored Infantry Regiment was formed on this date in 1864. They were a Black infantry regiment.

The 18th was raised in Missouri, which served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Organized in Missouri, unlike other Black regiments from the State of Missouri, the regiment was mustered directly into the U.S. rather than state service.

Attached to District of St. Louis, Mo., Department of Missouri, to December 1864. Unassigned, District of the Etowah, Department of the Cumberland, December 1864. 1st Colored Brigade, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, to January 1865. Unassigned, District of the Etowah, Dept. of the Cumberland, March 1865. 1st Colored Brigade, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July 1865. 2nd Brigade, 4th Division, District of East Tennessee, and Department of the Tennessee, to February 1866. Detailed Service Duty in the District of St. Louis, Mo., and at St. Louis until November 1864. Ordered to Nashville, Tenn., November 7.

They moved to Paducah, Kentucky, November 7–11, thence to Nashville, Tenn. Occupation of Nashville during Hood's investment December 1–15. They engaged in the Battles of Nashville December 15–16. Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17–28. At Bridgeport, Alabama, guarding railroad until February 1865. Action at Elrod's Tan Yard January 27. At Chattanooga, Tennessee, and in the District of East Tennessee until February 1866. Mustered out February 21, 1866.

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