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Saunders Terrell (His name at birth) was born in Greensboro, GA. Blinded in a childhood accident, Terry was raised by musical parents. He developed a harmonica style that imitated sounds ranging from moving trains to barnyard animals, often using his voice while playing these effects. The harmonica player DeFord Bailey, who broadcast nationally on the radio program Grand Ole Opry, influenced him. Terry traveled as an itinerant musician from 1929 through the 1930s, working with Blind Boy Fuller and recording with him from 1937-40.
Terry first met McGhee in 1939, and in 1940 performed with him and the singer Paul Robeson in Washington, D. C. Terry and McGhee first recorded together in 1941. Subsequently, they recorded extensively and toured internationally, becoming a popular attraction in nightclubs, concerts, and folk, blues, and heritage festivals. During his long career, Terry performed with such bluesmen as Rev. Gary Davis, Mississippi John Hurt, and Big Bill Broonzy.
Terry appeared in the Broadway musical “Finian's Rainbow” (1947-48) and the play “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof” (1955-57). Sonny Terry died March 11, 1986, in Mineola, New York.