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Susan B. Anthony
*The birth in 1820 of Susan B. Anthony is marked on this date. She was a white-American abolitionist and woman’s rights advocate.
Born in Adams, Massachusetts, Susan Brownhill Anthony was the daughter of Daniel Anthony, a cotton manufacturer and a Quaker who campaigned against the slave trade. Educated at her father's school and a Philadelphia boarding school, she also taught at a girl’s academy near Rochester, New York. In 1852 Anthony began campaigning for woman's suffrage, equal pay and was active in the American Anti-Slavery Society; helping escaped slaves on the Underground Railroad.
During the American Civil War Anthony supported the Union cause and President Abraham Lincoln by forming the Women's Loyal League. In 1866 she joined with others to establish the American Equal Rights Association. The following year, the organization became active in Kansas where Negro suffrage and woman suffrage were to be decided by popular vote. However, both ideas were rejected at the polls. In 1868 Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton established the political weekly, The Revolution.
In 1869 Anthony helped form a new organization, the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA). The organization condemned the Fourteenth and Fifteenth amendments as obvious injustices to women. The NWSA also advocated easier divorce and an end to discrimination in employment and pay. Anthony toured the country making speeches on women's rights. Anthony was also a historian of the struggle for women's rights and with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Matilda Joslyn Gage, complied and published the four volumes, The History of Woman Suffrage (1881-1902). She spoke at the funeral of her friend Frederick Douglass in 1895. Susan B. Anthony died on March 13, 1906.
The World Book Encyclopedia.
Copyright 1996, World Book, Inc.